At FHE we consistently device and develop alternative sources of feedstock to ensure a constant supply of raw material to our production facilities. We prioritize sustainable growing methodologies and procedures that elevate the food for fuel crisis. Ensuring that our plantations and crops alike are able to emerge as a sustainable, cost effective and efficient fuel solution for our generations to come is one of our main aims.
Jatropha Curcas is a non edible oil crop predominately used to produce bio-diesel. In addition to bio-diesel production, the by-product of Jatropha Curcas' transesterification process can be used to make a wide range of products including high quality paper, energy pellets, soap, cosmetics, toothpaste, embalming fluids, pipe joint cement, cough medicine and as a moistening agent in tobacco. The Jatropha Curcas seed cake which is the waste by-product of the bio-diesel transesterification process can be used as a rich organic fertilizer. Jatropha Curcas grows best on well drained soils (preferably a PH 6-9) with good aeration but is well adapted to marginal soils with low nutrient content.
Jatropha Curcas grows well with more than 600mm rainfall per year and it can withstand long periods of drought. The plant sheds its leaves during a prolonged dry season.
Jatropha Curcas prefers temperatures averaging 20-28 degrees Celsius (68-85 degrees Farenheit). It can, however, withstand a very light frost which causes it to lose all its leaves and may produce a sharp decline in seed yield.
One tonne of Jatropha Curcas seeds will produce up to 600 litres of bio-diesel with proper management. The recommended planting rate of Jatropha Curcas is 3,030 plants per hectare (2.5 acres). Mechanical harvesting and simultaneous pruning is now available for this crop but is currently being beta tested as the capital expenditure is significant.
Jatropha Curcas seeds can produce 60% oil content depending on:
ACHIEVABLE JATROPHA YIELDS - Based on 3,030 plants per hectare
Beginning to yield after 8 months
The plant has a known economic lifespan of over 40 years without replanting. There are many examples of trees over 60 years producing more than 120kg of seed, per year.
What makes Safflower a superior, more sustainable biofuel species?
|Rainfall requirement per year||1,500–3,000mm||600–2,000mm||250–2,500mm|
|Plantation carbon credits qualified||No||No||Yes|
|Area managed per plantation worker||10Ha||15Ha||60Ha|
|Trees planted per hectare||156||3033||1852|
|Oil yield / Ha - 3 yrs||4.5||9||10|
|Oil yield / Ha - 6 yrs||11||12||23|
|Seeds (per kg)||Seed weight (grams)||Oil Content|
|Safflower (Hi-Yield Genetics)||400||2.5||60%|
|Indian Pongamia Pinnata||1,600–2,000||0.5–0.6||35–45%|